County - Welcome to "The Green Garden County", the heart of Maryland's beautiful Eastern Shore!
Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne's counties. The county is named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland's last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741 - 1784). Lady Caroline was the daughter of Charles Calvert, Fifth Lord Baltimore, and the sister of Frederick Calvert, Sixth Lord Baltimore.
Besides Caroline's predominantly agricultural character which currently is ranked 7th in terms of land protected under the Ag Preservation Program, its eastern border is the Mason-Dixon Line. Unlike it's neighboring counties, Caroline County is the only eastern shore county which does not have shorelines along the Cheaspeake or Atlantic, however many of its waterways lead to the Chesapeake including the Choptank and Tuckahoe Rivers. Both are quite well known for kayaking, canoeing and hunting.
A few other interesting facts about Caroline County, is that it is the only Maryland County which does not have an interstate or US Highway running through it, and that it is the only county east of the Mississippi River to never feature any heavy industry besides agriculture.
Many of the county's towns are quiet, working towns - Greensboro, Ridgely, Goldsboro, Hillsboro, Jumptown, Oil City, Tanyard. Some of the larger towns including Denton, the County Seat, Preston, and Federalsburg, offer shopping, dining, and more all in a picturesque setting that is unique to the Eastern Shore.